2D / 3D Animation

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What is 2D animation 3D animation ?


2D animation implies that the object is two dimensional. 3D animation implies that the object. 2D animation comprises of characters or objects only in height and width. In other words, in X- axis (horizontal dimension) and Y – axis (vertical dimension). 3D animation comprises of objects in height, width, and depth

A 2D and 3D Comparison

  • In traditional 2D animation, everything was hand-drawn, frame by frame. In 3D animation, you animate your characters and objects in a 3D environment using 3D animation software to manipulate these characters and objects. While drawing is an added benefit, it is not a necessity in 3D animation.

  • In 2D animation, animators use characters, Visual FX (VFX), and backgrounds to create an illusion of movement within a two-dimensional space by sequencing individual drawings together over a set period.

  • Also, in 2D animation, characters and objects on screen only consist of a height and a width. In contrast, 3D animation comprises the manipulation of characters and objects with three dimensions: height, width, and depth. As a result, 3D makes more realistic characters and objects than 2D animation.

  • A two-dimensional object is a plane shape and its two dimensions can be plotted on an x-axis and y-axis. Whereas, 3D shapes, or three-dimensional shapes, also require a z-axis to plot the additional dimension—width, or depth—alongside the length and height.

  • In recent years, both 2D and 3D animation have been increasingly used by brands as their primary form of video animation. You can owe this rise in popularity much to social media and the trend in social marketing for businesses to create leads, establish online identities, and engage their target audience in a manner that appeals to them.

  • This growth was predicted to hit $270 billion in 2020, with 76% of marketers saying that they generate more traffic because of animated video.

The Basic Definitions of 2D and 3D animation

In animation, characters are drawn two shots at a time. Each drawing or image is shown for two frames, which translates to 12 frames per second. This is called drawing sequencing. For smooth animation and high quality, you should ideally have 24 frames per second.

  • 2D is a style of art based on creating a movement of objects and characters in a two-dimensional space. They are catering only to length and width.

  • The movement is depicted using drawings and is put in a sequence to create an illusion of complete movement.

  • 2D animation is the art of creating movement in a two-dimensional space. The 2D animation style is used in cartoons, advertisements, product videos, and brand videos, such as educational videos or infotainment videos.

  • However, 3D animation is done using computer software and deals with creating 3D models and their movement inside a digital environment. 3D animation is far more complicated when compared to 2D animation, involving modeling, animation, and rendering.

  • 3D animation is widely used in the video games space, movies, and cartoons, and is generally used for high-end animation

Differences Between the 2D and 3D Animation Process

In traditional animation, the more complicated of the two is considered 2D animation rather than 3D animation. It requires animators to draw 24 frames a second and have an in-depth understanding of animation principles, the anatomy of movements, and the physics behind those movements. Animators must manipulate each frame in 2D animation, which makes it more time-consuming and a bit more complicated than 3D.

2D animation is generally cheaper than 3D animation, although that can be different from project to project. Generally, the cost of a 60-second long traditional 2D video is between $1,000 – $5,000, while the cost of a 60-second long 3D video is between $7,000-$9,000. This is because 3D animation requires complex software and platforms, whereas 2D animation is mostly done manually and can be compiled using free 2D software.

The most significant difference between 2D and 3D animation is within their video animation process. If we divide the process into three stages—pre-production, production, and postproduction—you can see how 3D animation is much more complex and time-consuming.